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The Long Term Consequences of Concussion

De Caro & Kaplen partner Michael V. Kaplen, a three-term president of the Brain Injury Association of New York State, and professorial lecturer at law, teaching a course in brain injury law at the George Washington University Law School, discusses the long term consequences of concussions.

Why is traumatic brain injury (“TBI” a global health issue?

In the United States, a brain injury occurs every 9 seconds, highlighting the urgency of addressing the long-term consequences of concussions. Recent medical research underscores that concussions can lead to chronic, lifelong effects, affecting not only the brain but also other organs and systems. Repetitive head injuries can result in chronic neurological and overall health issues.

TBI impacts the individual, his or her family, and society.

What do recent studies show about the long-term effects of a traumatic brain injury?

  • One recent study of over 9,000 individuals revealed higher risks of cardiovascular problems, psychiatric illnesses, neurological disorders, and more, even in those aged 18 to 30, within five years of a concussion. These issues include sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, and an increased risk of stroke and seizures.
  • Another study found an 86% increased risk of stroke in individuals who experienced any brain injury. Previous research has shown elevated risks of Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and dementia.
  • In the sports world, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is associated with repetitive head trauma.

What are the implications of an “invisible” brain injury?

While immediate symptoms of a concussion may resolve, this “invisible injury” can have lasting and significant consequences.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global health concern, affecting individuals, their families, and society.

It’s crucial to prioritize further research, ensure survivors receive proper care mandated in insurance plans, and hold insurance carriers accountable for coverage.

Adequate funding is essential to support these efforts, emphasizing that concussions should be taken seriously as they are more than a mere bump on the head.

About The Author

Michael V. Kaplen

Michael V. Kaplen represents victims of vehicle collisions, unsafe buildings and construction sites, and medical malpractice, and is a preferred attorney of The Brain Injury Association of America.

Michael is board certified as a Civil Trial Advocate and board certified in medical malpractice litigation. He is a Professorial Lecturer in Law, The George Washington University Law School, The Legal Aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury.

Michael is past chairman of the American Association for Justice (AAJ) Automobile, Highway and Premise Liability Section, past chairman of the AAJ Traumatic Brain Injury Litigation Group, three term president of the Brain Injury Association of New York State served two terms as chair of the New York State Traumatic Brain Injury Services Coordinating Council and vice-president, New York State Academy of Trial Lawyers.

He was invited by President Obama to participate in the White House Healthy Kids & Safe Sports Concussion Summit.

He is admitted to courts in New York, Florida, and Washington, DC. He has been selected as a New York Super Lawyer and recognized by Best Lawyers of America and U.S. News and World Report in personal injury law.

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